Rashtriya Kishore Swasthya Karyakram (RKSK) | National Health Mission | Government Of Assam, India
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Government Of Assam Health & Family Welfare National Health Mission

Rashtriya Kishore Swasthya Karyakram (RKSK)

  • The Government of India on 7 January 2014 launched the nation's first comprehensive adolescent health programme named Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram (RKSK) in New Delhi. The RKSK defines an adolescent as a person within 10-19 years of age, in urban and rural areas, includes both girls and boys, married and unmarried, poor and affluent, whether they are in school or out of school. This broad definition helps to address the multitude problems of adolescents across various groups and categories. The programme is committed at promotion of adolescent health mission across India and would address to the health needs of 243 million adolescents constituting 21 percent of the total population in the country.

    The vision of the programme is that all adolescents in India are able to realize their full potential by making informed and responsible decisions related to their health and well-being.

    RKSK has six priority (programme) areas as below:

    Target Group:

    The new adolescent health (AH) strategy focuses on age groups 10-14 years and 15-19 years with universal coverage, i.e. males and females; urban and rural; in school and out of school; married and unmarried; and vulnerable and under-served.

    Objectives of the programme:

    i. Improve Nutrition

    • Reduce the prevalence of malnutrition among adolescent girls and boys (including overweight/obesity)
    • Reduce the prevalence of iron-deficiency anaemia (IDA) among adolescent girls and boys

    ii. Enable sexual and reproductive health

    • Improve knowledge, attitudes and behaviour, in relation to SRH
    • Reduce teenage pregnancies
    • Improve birth preparedness, complication readiness and provide early parenting support for adolescent parents

    iii. Enhance Mental Health

    • Address mental health concerns of adolescents

    iv. Prevent injuries and violence

    • Promote favourable attitudes for preventing injuries and violence (including GBV) among adolescents

    v. Prevent substance misuse

    • Increase adolescents' awareness of the adverse effects and consequences of substance misuse

    vi. Address conditions for NCDs

    • Promote behaviour change in adolescents to prevent NCDs such as cancer, diabetes, cardio-vascular diseases and strokes
     

    Strategies:

    A. Community based interventions

    • Peer Education (PE)
    • Quarterly Adolescent Health Day (AHD)
    • Weekly Iron and Folic Acid Supplementation Programme (WIFS)
    • Menstrual Hygiene Scheme (MHS)
     

    B. Facility based interventions

    • Strengthening of Adolescent Friendly Health Clinics (AFHC)
    • within Health & Family Welfare - FP, MH (incl VHND), RBSK, National Tobacco Control Programme,National Mental Health Programme, NCDs and IEC
    • with other departments/schemes – Social Welfare (ICDS,SABLA), Youth Affairs and Sports etc.
    • (Adolescent Empowerment Scheme, National Service Scheme, NYKS, etc)

    D. Social and Behaviour Change Communication with focus on Inter Personal Communication

    RKSK Status in Assam till March'2017

    • All components of RKSK programme is being implemented in 6 High Priority Districts (HPDs) in the state. Those districts are Dhubri, Golaghat, Hailakandi, Karimganj, Kokrajhar, Nagaon.
    • Other adolescent Health components like Menstrual Hygiene Scheme (Low cost sanitary napkins @Rs.6/- per pack to adolescent girls by ASHAs), Weekly Iron & Folic Acid Supplementation (WIFS) programme and Adolescent Friendly Health Clinics (AFHCs) are implementing in all 27 districts.
    • Total 59 Adolescent Friendly Health Clinics (AFHCs) are established in the state at DH, SDH and CHC level (41 in HPDs and 18 in Non HPDs). Total 20 Adolescent Friendly Health Clinics (AFHC)s are functional with dedicated counselors.
    • Two model AFHCs have been established.
    • Total 5424 Peer Educators have been selected in 6 HPDs. (2 boys and 2 girls from each village/1000 population have been selected as Peer Educator (PE) under each ASHA). (Detail in RKSK implementation guidelines)
    • Till March'17, total 5067 numbers of PEs (93.42%) have been trained on 6 days module training along with 1280 numbers of ASHAs.
    • Each Peer Educator is expected to form a group of 15-20 boys and girls (separate group of boys and girls) respectively from their community and conduct a two hour sessions per week–using PE kits
    • PEs are being provided non-monetary incentive for their contribution.
    • Adolescent Health Clubs are being formed at the SC level in 6 HPDs.
    • Celebration of Adolescent Health day (AHD) in each quarter, in each village is being done. Total 1305 numbers of AHDs have been conducted till March'17
    • Menstrual Hygiene Programme is going on in 27 districts.
    • WIFS programme is going on in 27 districts.
     

    Other training status:

    1. Total MO trained on RKSK at state level: 50 Nos.
    2. Total ANM/LHVs trained on RKSK at state level: 94 Nos.
    3. Total ANM/LHVs trained on RKSK at district level (Including PE ToT): 439 Nos.
    4. Total AFHC counselors trained on RKSK module: 19 Nos.
    5. Moreover, 42 numbers of all categories of counsellors have been trained on Multiskilling including RKSK along with other components.
     

    Images:

    Downloads
    Rashtriya Kishore Swasthya Karyakram (RKSK)
    TitleSizeDetail
    MHS Operational Guidelines3.42 MBswf-image
    Operational framework WIFS1.21 MBswf-image
    Revised Guidelines for Menstrual Hygiene Scheme1.72 MBswf-image
    RKSK Implementation Guideline1.39 MBswf-image
    RKSK Operational Framework1.72 MBswf-image
    RKSK Strategy Handbook2.11 MBswf-image
    RKSK State Level Checklist677.27 KBswf-image
    RKSK District Level Checklist758.34 KBswf-image
    WIFS School and AWC Level Checklist404.51 KBswf-image
    WIFS Beneficiary Interview Checklist279.94 KBswf-image
    AFHC Checklist374.71 KBswf-image
    MHS Checklist435.42 KBswf-image
    AFHCs Reporting Formats September 2015179 KBswf-image
    Instructions for Maintaining Registration Service Delivery Record Final119.88 KBswf-image
    Facilitator’s Guide for ANMs LHVs2.05 MBswf-image
    Resource Book for ANMs LHVs3.26 MBswf-image
    Facilitator's Guide for Counsellors2.06 MBswf-image
    Resource Book for Counsellors985.02 KBswf-image
    Facilitator's Guide(1-140) for Peer Educators4.85 MBswf-image
    Facilitator's Guide(140-246) for Peer Educators3.75 MBswf-image
    Resource Book (1-100) for Peer Educators3.56 MBswf-image
    Resource Book(100-174) for Peer Educators4.22 MBswf-image
    Facilitator's Guide MO1.08 MBswf-image
    Resource Book MO3.43 MBswf-image